Jup Bani

Jup (Jap) Ji Sahib Translations By

Dr Karminder Singh Dhillon   Scribed by: Dr Gagandeep Kaur Bhasin

  1. Understanding Jup Gurbani
    • Needing to unlearn/widen the space in mind with new ideas- cognitive dissonance
    • Summary Bani of Guru Nanak’s teachings (Abstract)
    • Title Bani- What can you make out of a title? Title is to be read in context of book
    • Full understanding comes from entire text 1429 pages;
    • Most explained Bani; 250+ translations, voluminous kathas (Live & Recorded)
    • Jap Ji is not a beginner bani even though it is the first bani in SGSS; First ≠ Easy
    • First Bani we learn as a child, first bani to memorize
    • Last Bani of First Guru (written last phase of his life)
    • It is a complex bani, most explained but least understood
    • Concise, brevity, idiomatic, contextual
    • Probability of misinterpretation is high
    • 70 years of Nanak’s spirituality condensed in this Bani
    • Nanak Gaaya Jaape Jaye II I have walked this path, now you take the knowledge and walk the path
    • 240 years of Sikhi summarized; Abridged
    • Teekas (Translations)
      • Vedantic School (Vedic scholars)
      • Nirmala/Udasi tradition (followers of Sri Chand) Vedic + Sakhi based- took over Sikh psyche during Shaheedi times 1715
      • Sampardayee Vedic + Sakhi + Taksali explanation
      • Spinoffs; Sant Singh (3HO)
      • Viakran (Grammar) Tradition; Prof Sahib Singh 1963
    • Problem Statement
      • What was the original intent?- Must lie within Gurbani
      • Sikh philosophy lost in translation
      • Methodology: Gurbani Grammar (Literal) + Gurbani Context = Gurbani Derived Meaning
    • Gurbani Framework of Analysis
      • Textual interpretation- understood within the text, structure, rules principle of the writer
      • Rahao is the title within the Bani
      • Internal validity- Valid for entire text (comparison done w/in the text)
      • Internal reliability- Consistency of meaning
      • Gurbani must be used to explain Gurbani
      • Gurbani grammar is crucial
      • Coherent explanation
      • Central Point Theory- Every shabad is a coherent argument, you figure out the central point
      • Connected to Rahao- 3 contextual meanings
  2. Title in reading, in musical score: Chorus
  3. Start with Rahao to understand the verse/shabad
  4. Illustration Theory- example of central point; Chorus is the message
  5. Whole Shabad Theory- gist of entire shabad; Main issue
  6. Cross Reference Theory- Banis complement and supplement each other
  7. Validation of Contextual Theory
  8. Universality, Wholesomeness of SGGS- specificity is ruled out


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