Articles · Shabad Vichar

Apeeney Bhog Bhog Kay ਆਪੀਨੈ ਭੋਗ ਭੋਗਿ ਕੈ

Karminder Singh, PhD

ਆਪੀਨੈ ਭੋਗ ਭੋਗਿ ਕੈ

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Apeeney Bhog Bhog Kay

Karminder Singh, PhD

The Gurbani Framework calls for the use of GURBANI to understand, explain, translate and interpret GURBANI.

The Gurbani Framework is a response to a variety of distorted translations using Vedantic, Taksalee, Yogic and literal methods – all of which rely on use of sources OUTSIDE of Gurbani to interpret Gurbani.

This article interprets the following pauree from page 464 of the SGGS ji by applying the Gurbani Framework.

 

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Articles

Crossing Over the Literal to the Real Messages of Gurbani

Crossing Over the Literal to the Real Messages of Gurbani

Karminder Singh, PhD.

The Spirituality of Gurbani does not have a language intrinsic and inherent to it. The objective and focus of the messages of Gurbani are to bring about a realization of the Creator within the human conscience. The language of our daily usage does not have the required vocabulary for this core Gurmat concept, for its process, outcome and objective.

Bhagat Kabir has captured this reality in one of his verses in a Bani in Gauree Rag titled Bavan Akhri (52 alphabets).

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Articles · Shabad Vichar

Eh Jug Meet Na Dekhiyo Koyee ਇਹ ਜਗਿ ਮੀਤੁ ਨ ਦੇਖਿਓ ਕੋਈ

ਇਹ ਜਗਿ ਮੀਤੁ ਨ ਦੇਖਿਓ ਕੋਈ ॥ Eh Jug Meet Na Dekhiyo Koyee.

Karminder Singh PhD

The shabd is composed by Guru Teg Bahadur ji and is contained on Page 633 of the SGGS. The complete shabd is as follows:

ਸੋਰਠਿ ਮਹਲਾ ੯॥ Sorath Mehla 9

ਇਹ ਜਗਿ ਮੀਤੁ ਨ ਦੇਖਿਓ ਕੋਈ ॥ ਸਗਲ ਜਗਤੁ ਅਪਨੈ ਸੁਖਿ ਲਾਗਿਓ ਦੁਖ ਮੈ ਸੰਗਿ ਨ ਹੋਈ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥

Eh Jug Meet Na Dekhiyo Koyee. Sagl Jagt Apney Sukh Lageyo Dukh Mei Sang Na Hoyee.

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Articles · Shabad Vichar

Kahey Poot Jhagrut Haon Sang Baap.

ਕਾਹੇ ਪੂਤ ਝਗਰਤ ਹਉ ਸੰਗਿ ਬਾਪ

 

ਕਾਹੇ ਪੂਤ ਝਗਰਤ ਹਉ ਸੰਗਿ ਬਾਪ ॥

Kahey Poot Jhagrut Haon Sang Baap.

Karminder Singh, Phd.

This deeply spiritual and divine shabd is composed by Guru Ramdas ji and is contained on page 1200 of the SGGS.

The literal translation of the first verse is: O Son, Why Do You Argue with Your Father. It is a Sin to Argue with The One Who Fathered You and Raised You. (Sant Singh MD Khalsa)

The common interpretation of the shabd is that it was composed by the fourth Guru both as a reprimand as well as advise to his elder son Prithi Chand. Professor Sahib Singh, in his Darpan writes the following towards the end of his translation of this shabd.

ਗੁਰੂ ਅਰਜਨ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਰਿਆਈ ਮਿਲਣ ਤੇ ਬਾਬਾ ਪ੍ਰਿਥੀ ਚੰਦ ਨੇ ਪਿਤਾ-ਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਦੀ ਵਿਰੋਧਤਾ ਕੀਤੀ । ਤਦੋਂ ਉਹਨਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਇਹ ਉਪਦੇਸ਼ ਕੀਤਾ । Translation: Prithi Chand opposed his Father-Guru upon the conferment of Guruship to Guru Arjun. This (shabd) was the advice given to him at that point.

The origin of this story is a book titled ਉਥਾਨਕਾ Uthanka. The meaning of the word ਉਥਾਨਕਾ Uthanka is “introductory information.” According to Bhai Kahn Singh Nabha’s Mahan Kosh (Encyclopaedia) Uthanka is a book whose author is unknown and it contains the “reasons and circumstances” behind the composition of selected shabads.

There is no denying that Prithi Chand opposed Guru Ramdas ji’s decision pertaining to the transition of Guruship to Guru Arjun because he wanted the position for himself.

He had been entrusted with major responsibilities by Guru Ramdas ji pertaining to the finances, logistics and administration of the Ashram of the fourth Guru at Amritsar. He had thus expected that the Guruship would be handed down to him.

He turned on his father after the announcement that his youngest brother Arjun was appointed Guru instead.

The issue that needs examination is whether this deeply rich and spiritually meaningful shabd has anything to do with the behaviour of Prithi Chand; and whether it is addressed to him.

 

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Articles

SIMRAN and SIKHI

Dr. Karminder Singh Dhillon

Simran and Sikhi

Karminder Singh Dhillon, PhD (Boston)

DEFINING SIMRAN

SIMRAN ਸਿਮਰਨ is a Sanskrit word that translates literally as remembrance. Its Punjabi equivalents are ਯਾਦ Yaad and ਚੇਤਾ Chayta. The evening Sikh prayer Sodar (ਸੋਦਰ) contains a verse that uses the word simran to denote remembrance.

ਊਡੈ ਊਡਿ ਆਵੈ ਸੈ ਕੋਸਾ ਤਿਸੁ ਪਾਛੈ ਬਚਰੇ ਛਰਿਆ ॥ ਤਿਨ ਕਵਨੁ ਖਲਾਵੈ ਕਵਨੁ ਚੁਗਾਵੈ ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਸਿਮਰਨੁ ਕਰਿਆ ॥

Udey Uud Avey Seiy Kosa Tis Pachey Bachrey Chariya. Tin Kavn Khalavey Kavn Chugavey Mun Meh Simran Kareya (SGGS page 10).

Guru Arjun uses the illustration of the florican – a migratory bird which flies out long distances in search of food; leaving its young behind. Despite the distance, separation and the continually arduous task of finding food that the bird has to perform, remembrance of its offspring remains a constant. (ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਸਿਮਰਨੁ ਕਰਿਆ Mun Meh Simran Kareya).

The spiritual equivalent of remembrance is contemplation.

Sikhi places primary importance on contemplating the Creator at all times. Guru Arjun says in SGGS page 263

 

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Articles · International Media Reports · Latest News

The Sabha is OUT of ICU – For Now

The Sabha is Out of the ICU – For Now

Karminder Singh Dhillon, Phd (Boston)

SOME ONE HUNDRED members of Sikh Naujwan Sabha Malaysia (SNSM) turned up at its AGM on 29th June 2019 to bear witness to events that the youth organization has never seen before.

They bore witness to an attempt to drag the Sabha into two ugly controversies. They also bore witness to an attempted power grab disguised as an exercise in panthik unity.

The orchestrated attempt to grab control of the Sabha by forces bent on using the organization for their specific agendas reared its ugly head some months ago when a WhatsApp post by a group of 13 people (DG-13) calling for an EGM to “remove the Jathedar” came to light For an analysis of this EGM call see article titled “Sabha is in ICU: You are Invited to the Funeral” at http://www.sikhivicharforum.org/2019/03/09/sabha-is-in-icu-you-are-invited-to-the-funeral/

Saturday’s AGM saw the tabling of FIVE resolutions by the DG-13 Group. The resolutions were signed by Suret Singh and seconded by Master Daljit Singh. These same individuals tabled these resolutions at the AGM.

These resolutions lay bare the real agenda of the DG-13. They also expose the real beneficiary and the real hand behind it all. All in all, these resolutions uncover the dangerous and devious plot to drag the Sabha into two separate and ugly controversies.

It was an attempt to burn the house down. How so? Read on.

 

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Articles · International Media Reports · Latest News

The Sabha AGM – The Winners and The Losers

The Sabha AGM – The Winners and Losers

Karminder Singh Dhillon, PhD (Boston)

Here is a quick look at the Winners and Losers of the recent Sabha EGM held on the 29th of June, 2019.

THE WINNERS

1. SNSM, Jasbir Singh and his Exco. All three came out clear winners on grounds of allowing the DG-13 an opportunity to test the support for their pro Dasam Granth position. The DG-13 and their Sponsors had been relentless in their condemnation of all three. Venom – particularly of personal nature – was spewed against Jathedar Jasbir especially – in blatant abuse of the social media for personal attacks.

What better way to call their bluff than to say “OK let’s put your matter to a vote in an AGM.” This is accountability and it is transparency. It is also a sign of responsible and courageous leadership. It is also about empowering the members of SNSM to have a say in the future of their organization. Well done, all three.

2. The Members of SNSM. For turning up in larger numbers than ever, speaking out and making it clear that they understood and rejected the real agenda of the DG-13, the ordinary members of SNSM are winners too. You elected to keep Sabha out of the mud that is the DG controversy and the dera maryada dispute and that is commendable.

3. The Coffers of SNSM. The approval by the floor for the Sale of two Sabha properties worth RM 6 million to free up funds for other priority uses means the Sabha can operate more independently.

 

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Articles

The Bhagat Maal Debacle

The Bhagat Maal Debacle.

Karminder Singh Dhillon, PhD

The Sikh Scripture – Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji (SGGS) contains the Bani of 15 bhagats. A total of 725 saloks and shabds; including three full banis2 written by the bhagats were retrieved by Guru Nanak in person from them.3 These were all included in the Pothee Sahib by Guru Arjun and maintained in the SGGS by Guru Gobind Singh upon bestowing of Gurgadee to the SGGS in 1708.

All three independent acts – retrieval of the bhagat bani, their inclusion into Pothee Sahib and their retention in the SGGS – fortify the single principle that the spiritual philosophy of the 15 bhagats was completely in line with that of our Gurus. From their initial retrieval to eventual inclusion in the SGGS, all 725 saloks and shabds of the bhagats underwent benchmarking three times at the hands of three separate Gurus. Such scrutiny for spiritual alignment is perhaps avant-garde on its own accord.

An examination of the bani of the bhagats reveals that they were revolutionary spiritual seekers. Amongst the many facets of their ground shattering and innovative spirituality, four aspects stand out as stark reality of what the bhagats stood for: (i) the damning denunciation and rejection of the then existing clergy, (ii) the total refutation of all clergy sanctioned ritual, (iii) repudiation of the clergy sanctioned idol worship, and (iv) the wholesome rejection of the primary institution of the clergy – the mandir, dehora, maseet and temple as the “pathway to spirituality”.

In any case, the institution of the clergy was out of bounds by dogma to all but three of the bhagats – on account of their ‘low’ caste. The mandir’s doors were secured shut to the castes of weaver, cobbler, tailor and other shudras. The doors did not open for those bhagats who were not shurdras either – the mandirs were shut to them as well – as pay back for their stinging criticism of the custodians of these places as frauds and pretentious beings.

 

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Articles

Gurbani Shabad Vichar

Gurbani Shabd Vichar

Asa Bani Bhagat Dhanney Ki

Karminder Singh Dhillon, PhD

 

The shabd under discussion in this article is composed by bhagat Dhanna Ji – ਆਸਾ ਬਾਣੀ ਭਗਤ ਧੰਨੇ ਜੀ ਕੀ॥ Asa bani Bhagat Dhanney Ji Ki – and is contained on Page 487 of the SGGS.

Bhagat Dhanna ji has a total of 3 shabds in the SGGS ji. Two are found in Assa Raag on Page 487 and one in Jaistsri Raag on page 695 of the SGGS ji. This article looks at bhagatji’s shabd in Assa Raag.

Apart from discussing the selected shabd, this article serves a second task, namely to analyze the truth or otherwise, of a story about Dhanna ji that is commonly and widely narrated by our granthis, kirtanias, ragis and parcharaks.

The origin of the story is the Bhagat Maal – a book having its origins in the Vedic clergy at Benares. It was originally authored by Nabha Dass, a self-styled Snatn theologian based in the Punjabi village of Pathankot at Gurdaspur sometime in the 1600s – just about when the bhagat bani was being incorporated into the Pothi Sahib by GuruArjun. A Brej language version under the name of Swami Priya Daas came into existence in the late 1800s. Punjabi versions of this book pertaining to the 15 SGGS bhagats can be found under the names of Nirmla Keerat Singh and Nirmla Pandit Narain Singh. A Bhagat Maal under the name of Bhai Mani Singh – believed to be authored by Nirmla Surat Singh is also in existence.

 

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Articles

Sidh Ghoshat Videos – Summary in English

SIDH GOSHT TRANSLATION

By: Dr Karminder Singh Dhillon

Intro Outline:

I. Where and When was Sidh Gosht composed?

● Composed by Guru Nanak

● 1521 Guru Nanak returned to Kartarpur after his final travel journey

● For 18 years Guru Nanak spread his teachings in neighboring regions

● In Batala was a major Yogi Ashram called Achul where Yogis gathered for a yearly festival that takes

place in March (Shivratri Mela)

● Bani composed between March-September of 1539 (last 6 months of his life)

● Evidence: Bhai Gurdass Vars

● Guru Nanak becomes Joyti Joyt September 1539

● Sidh Gosht is 2nd to last Bani he wrote at the end of his life

● Sidh Gosht most complex Bani written by Guru Nanak for his disciples

● Japji Sahib was LAST Bani written

● Essence of Sidh Gosht is summarized in Pauree 28 & 29 of Japji Sahib

● Distillation of his primary spiritual philosophy

II. Who were the dialogue partners?

● Yogis had high status as religions group

● Highly elevated Yogis during travels (Shiva sect)

● Bhai Gurdas mentions Yogi Bhangar Nath at mela who confronts Guru Nanak and Guru responds with

showing Yogi his mindset is faulty

● Lohareepa (Son of Gorakh) & Charpat main leaders of Yogi group

● Yogis were misleading public

III. What are the Primary Questions (20)?

 

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Articles · Gurbannee Videos - Sidh Goshat

Bala reincarnate

Gurcharan Singh Jeonwala

Bala Reincarnate……

By Gurcharan Singh Jeonwala

It is regrettable that Patiala University academics are in the process of re-incarnating a new Bhai Bala. They want to create a fictitious Bala who will be the companion of Guru Nanak’s travels. The Bala that even Bhai Gurdasji did not know about because he heard nothing of any Bala from the third and fourth Gurus with whom he spent his life.

But miraculously, these academics seem to know about Guru Nanak than Bhai Gurdasji even.

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