GURBANI - JUP BANNEE

Review of Jup Banee by Dr KSD – Video Part 10

Review of Jup Banee by Dr KSD – Video Part 10

Recapitulation

Pauree 1 : Seminal question and answer on the Realization Within

  • ਕਿਵ ਸਚਿਆਰਾ ਹੋਈਐ ਕਿਵ ਕੂੜੈ ਤੁਟੈ ਪਾਲਿ ॥

Kiv Sachiara Hoeyey Kiv Kooray Tootey Paal

– How then can I become a God-realized Being Within; how can I

remove the obstacle of my non-realized state Within?

  • ਹੁਕਮਿ ਰਜਾਈ ਚਲਣਾ ਨਾਨਕ ਲਿਖਿਆ ਨਾਲਿ ॥੧॥

Hukm Rajayee Chalnaa Nanak Likhiya Naal

  • The way to Realise the Creator Within is to ‘Remain within the

confines of His Hukm and abide in Sehej (Chalna) as contained

within us.’

  • Guru Nanak’s core philosophy of spirituality is encapsulated in this verse. The rest of the Jup Banee is the response to the primacy of the Hukm. It is the summary of 1429 pages of SGGS
  • Hukm Rajayee Chalnaa Nanak Likhiya Naal is the central concept of Sikhism that is further elaborated in the entire substance of Gurbani in SGGS.
  • As Sikhs, we strive to realize that Hukm is the Creator within us, (the driving force) as to fully realize God per se is beyond human capacity.

Pauree 2 : Nature/concept of Hukm which is the crux of Sikh philosophy /wisdom.

  • ਹੁਕਮੀ ਹੋਵਨਿ ਆਕਾਰ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਨ ਕਹਿਆ ਜਾਈ ॥

Hovan Akaar Hukm Na Kahyea Jayee

  • My human existence is by His Hukm, even if His entire Hukm cannot

be fathomed.

  • ਹੁਕਮੀ ਹੋਵਨਿ ਜੀਅ ਹੁਕਮਿ ਮਿਲੈ ਵਡਿਆਈ ॥

Hukmee Hovan Jee Hukm Miley Vadeayee

– That I am alive is an honour within the confines of His Hukm

  • ਹੁਕਮੀ ਉਤਮੁ ਨੀਚੁ ਹੁਕਮਿ ਲਿਖਿ ਦੁਖ ਸੁਖ ਪਾਈਅਹਿ ॥

Hukmee Utam Neech Hukm Likh Dukh Sukh Payaeah

  • The consequences – joys and sorrows – of my deeds – good or bad –

are within the Creator’s Hukm

  • ਇਕਨਾ ਹੁਕਮੀ ਬਖਸੀਸ ਇਕਿ ਹੁਕਮੀ ਸਦਾ ਭਵਾਈਅਹਿ ॥

Ekna Hukmee Bakhseesh Ek Hukmee Sada Bhaveayeah

  • The Creator blesses some with realization within ; while multitudes

remain astray in constant search without.

  • ਹੁਕਮੈ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਸਭੁ ਕੋ ਬਾਹਰਿ ਹੁਕਮ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥

Hukmey Andur Sabh Ko Bahur Hukam Na Koye

  • The Creator is realized WITHIN for all, none can realize Him outside of His jurisdiction (which is WITHIN us)
  • ਨਾਨਕ ਹੁਕਮੈ ਜੇ ਬੁਝੈ ਤ ਹਉਮੈ ਕਹੈ ਨ ਕੋਇ ॥੨॥

Nanak Hukmey Jey Bujhey Ta Haomai Kahey Na Koye

  • Nanak, upon realizing the Creator Within, any realization that I exist

outside of His Hukm ceases to exist.

Pauree 3 – Narratives of Hukm

  • ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਤਾਣੁ ਹੋਵੈ ਕਿਸੈ ਤਾਣੁ ॥

Gavai Ko Taan Hovai Kissey Taan

Gavai – literally sing. The issue is the CONTENT and not the process of singing; Perceive the Creator’s Hukm as

Ko & Kissey – Multitudes (from ਕੋਈ – Koee)

Taan – Power, Strength, Force

Hovey – Existance, is there

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਤਾਣੁ ਹੋਵੈ ਕਿਸੈ ਤਾਣੁ ॥

Gavai Ko Taan, Hovai Kissey Taan

Multitudes of spiritual seekers perceive the Creator’s Hukm as their force of existance/life.

  • ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਦਾਤਿ ਜਾਣੈ ਨੀਸਾਣੁ ॥

Gavai Ko Daat Janei Nisan

Gavai – literally sing. Perceive the Creator’s Hukm as

Ko – Multitudes

Daat – (with sihari) – within gifts

Janei – Conceive, Recognize

Nisan – literally sign; Indicators

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਦਾਤਿ ਜਾਣੈ ਨੀਸਾਣੁ ॥

Gavai Ko, Daat Janei Nisan

Multitudes conceive the Creator’s gifts as indicators of His Hukm.

(Perception of the pervasiveness/expansiveness of the Creator).

  • ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਗੁਣ ਵਡਿਆਈਆ ਚਾਰ ॥

Gavai Ko Gunn Vadeayaeea Chaar

Gavai – literally sing; Perceive the Creator’s Hukm as

Ko – Multitudes

Gunn – Virtues

Vadeayaeea – Immense, (from – Vadda)

Chaar – beauty (adjective in the plural and feminine)

  • Deriving meaning/grammar of CHAAR using Gurbani Framework

ਚਾਰੁ Char (u) – with aunkar –singular and or masculine Adjective meaning beauty

ਚਾਰ Char – without symbol (mukta) – plural and or feminine (singular included) adjective meaning beauty

ਚਾਰਿ Char (i) – with sihari – Four

(SGGS 1187 Rag Basant M : 1)

ਕਾਮੁ ਕ੍ਰੋਧੁ ਬਿਖੁ ਬਜਰੁ ਭਾਰੁ ॥ ਨਾਮ ਬਿਨਾ ਕੈਸੇ ਗੁਨ ਚਾਰੁ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥

Kam Krodh Bikh Bajar Bhaar. Nam Bina Kaisey Gunn Char(u).

(SGGS 266 Rag Gauri Sukhmani M : 5)

ਚਾਰਿ ਪਦਾਰਥ ਜੇ ਕੋ ਮਾਗੈ ॥ ਸਾਧ ਜਨਾ ਕੀ ਸੇਵਾ ਲਾਗੈ ॥

Char (i) Padarath Jey Ko Mangey. Sadh Jnaa Kee Sewa Lagey.

(SGGS 133 Rag Maajh M : 5)

ਚਾਰਿ ਕੁੰਟ ਦਹ ਦਿਸ ਭ੍ਰਮੇ ਥਕਿ ਆਏ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਕੀ ਸਾਮ ॥

Char (i) Kunt Deh Dis Bhramey Thuk Aye Prabh Kee Saam.

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਗੁਣ ਵਡਿਆਈਆ ਚਾਰ ॥

Gavai Ko, Gunn Vadeayaeea Chaar

Multitudes perceive the Creator’s Hukm as virtues of His Immense beauty.

  • ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਵਿਦਿਆ ਵਿਖਮੁ ਵੀਚਾਰੁ ॥

Gavai Ko Vidya Vikhum Vichaar.

Gavai – literally sing. Perceive the Creator’s Hukm as

Ko – Multitudes

Vidya – literally education; knowing,enlightenment

Vikhum – literally difficult; beyond human intellect

Vichaar – discourse

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਵਿਦਿਆ ਵਿਖਮੁ ਵੀਚਾਰੁ ॥

Gavai Ko, Vidya Vikhum Vichaar.

Multitudes perceive enlightenment as the Creator’s Hukm; knowing Him to be beyond discourse.

  • ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਸਾਜਿ ਕਰੇ ਤਨੁ ਖੇਹ ॥

Gavai Ko Saaj Karey Tunn Kheh

Gavai – literally sing. Perceive the Creator’s Hukm as

Ko – Multitudes

Saaj – Create

Karey – force behind an action

Tunn – literally body ; physical beings

Kheh – literally ashes ; destructs

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਸਾਜਿ ਕਰੇ ਤਨੁ ਖੇਹ ॥

Gavai Ko, Saaj Karey Tunn Kheh

Multitudes perceive the Creator’s Hukm as the force behind physical creation and its destruction.

  • ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਜੀਅ ਲੈ ਫਿਰਿ ਦੇਹ ॥

Gavai Ko Jee Ley Fir Deh

Gavai – literally sing. Perceive the Creator’s Hukm as

Ko – Multitudes

Jee – Life

Ley – take

Fir – After

Deh – Giving

Fir Deh – After Giving

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਜੀਅ ਲੈ ਫਿਰਿ ਦੇਹ ॥

Gavai Ko, Jee Ley Fir Deh

Multitudes perceive the Creator’s Hukm as the taking of life after having given it.

  • ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਜਾਪੈ ਦਿਸੈ ਦੂਰਿ ॥

Gavai Ko Japai Disey Duur

Gavai – literally sing. Perceive the Creator’s Hukm as

Ko – Multitudes

Japey – Realize

Disey – literally seen ; knowing ( from – I can see)

Duur – literally far ; beyond reach

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਜਾਪੈ ਦਿਸੈ ਦੂਰਿ ॥

Gavai Ko, Japai Disey Duur

Multitudes perceive the Creator’s Hukm as realization that He is beyond reach.

  • ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਵੇਖੈ ਹਾਦਰਾ ਹਦੂਰਿ ॥

Gavai Ko Vekhey Hadraa Hadoor

Gavai – literally sing. Perceive the Creator’s Hukm as

Ko – Multitudes

Vekhey – Knowing; realize ( compare with Japey in previous verse)

Hadraa Hadoor – Omnipresent

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਗਾਵੈ ਕੋ ਵੇਖੈ ਹਾਦਰਾ ਹਦੂਰਿ ॥

Gavai Ko, Vekhey Hadraa Hadoor

Multitudes perceive the Creator’s Hukm as realization that He is omnipresent.

  • ਕਥਨਾ ਕਥੀ ਨ ਆਵੈ ਤੋਟਿ ॥

Kathna Kathee Na Avey Toat.

Kathna – Narration

Kathee – To narrate

Na Avey Toat – literally not short of ; unlimited

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਕਥਨਾ ਕਥੀ ਨ ਆਵੈ ਤੋਟਿ ॥

Kathna Kathee Na Avey Toat.

The narratives of the perceptions of the Creator’s Hukm are unlimited (meaning the Hukm itself is unlimited).

  • ਕਥਿ ਕਥਿ ਕਥੀ ਕੋਟੀ ਕੋਟਿ ਕੋਟਿ ॥

Kath Kath Kathee Kotee Koat Koat

Kath Kath – Repeated narratives

Kathee – Narrated

Kotee – literally 0.1 million ; uncountable times

Koat koat – in uncountable ways

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਕਥਿ ਕਥਿ ਕਥੀ ਕੋਟੀ ਕੋਟਿ ਕੋਟਿ ॥

Kath Kath Kathee Kotee Koat Koat

Even if these narratives of the Creator’s Hukm have been narrated in ucountable ways by uncountable seekers.

  • ਦੇਦਾ ਦੇ ਲੈਦੇ ਥਕਿ ਪਾਹਿ ॥

Daenda Dey Laendey Thukk Pahe

Daenda Dey – Give continously

Laendey – receive

Thukk Pahe – exhausted

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਦੇਦਾ ਦੇ ਲੈਦੇ ਥਕਿ ਪਾਹਿ ॥

Daenda Dey Laendey Thukk Pahe

The Creator’s Hukm sustains; His creation exhausts in receiving – according to His Hukm.

  • ਜੁਗਾ ਜੁਗੰਤਰਿ ਖਾਹੀ ਖਾਹਿ ॥

Jugaan Jugantar Khahee Khahey

Jugaan – Ages

Jugantar – Multitudes of ages

Khahee – literally consume; sustenance

Khahee Khahey – Continued/unhindered sustenance

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਜੁਗਾ ਜੁਗੰਤਰਿ ਖਾਹੀ ਖਾਹਿ ॥

Jugaan Jugantar Khahee Khahey

This sustenance by virtue of the Creator’s Hukm has continued for periods unhindered.

  • ਹੁਕਮੀ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਚਲਾਏ ਰਾਹੁ ॥

Hukmi Hukm Chalaye Rah

Hukmi – the Creator

Hukm (with aungkar) – the Hukm of the Creator

Chalaye – literally drive ; in His Hukm ; is the force within

Rah – literally direction ; creation

  • Grammar of Hukm

ਹਕਮੁ Hukm – the Hukm of the Creator

ਹੁਕਮਿ Hukm – Within the confines of the Hukm

ਹੁਕਮੀ Hukmee – The Creator

ਹੁਕਮੈ Hukmeh – Realization of the Hukm

ਹੁਕਮ Hukm – Plural – Hakumat – Political power

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework

ਹੁਕਮੀ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਚਲਾਏ ਰਾਹੁ ॥

Hukmi Hukm Chalaye Rah

The Creator’s Hukm is the force within His creation.

  • ਨਾਨਕ ਵਿਗਸੈ ਵੇਪਰਵਾਹੁ ॥੩॥

Nanak Vigsey Veyparvah

  • Translation as per Gurbani Framework
  • Note : This concluding verse tells us that the context of this 3rd Pauree is Hukm.

Implications

  1. Hukm exists.

This dramatic command is the spiritual genius of Guru Nanak – his is the first spiritual mind that puts across this philosophy (both scientifically and logically). The sages in the centuries before that did not conceive such an equation that the realization of the Creator within us is the realization of the Hukm.

  1. Hukm exists within Creation.

Every atom, every grain that exists has Hukm of the Creator confined within it.

  1. Hukm is the driving force within Creation.

Not a single aota exists without the Hukm.

  1. The Creator is within us in the form of Hukm.

This realization is vital to living with the neighbour of our soul – coming to terms with this understanding will bring us peace

  1. The Creator is within Creation.
  2. Realization of Hukm is the realization of the Creator.

The journey from me to you – shortest but most difficult realization

Nanak Hukmey Jey Bujhey Ta Haomai Kahey Na Koye

Questions

  1. Does the Creator VIOLATE His own Hukm?

(SGGS 144 Vaar Majh Kee Tatha Salok M : 1)

ਸਚਾ ਤੇਰਾ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਜਾਣਿਆ ॥ ਗੁਰਮਤੀ ਆਪੁ ਗਵਾਇ ਸਚੁ ਪਛਾਣਿਆ ॥

Sacha Tera Hukm Gurmukh Janaeya.

Gurmutte Aaap Gvayey Sach Pehchaneya.

Sacha – Permanently in Existance

Gurmukh Janeya – the guru’s message, through his own enlightenment

  • The first virtue to accept is that The Creator is permanently in

existance.

In this verse, sacha is used for Hukm as apart from the Creator.

Hence the guru here ascertains that as being permanently in

existance, Hukm cannot be changed.

  • So the Sikh also has to accept that the Guru too does not violate the

Hukm – the concept of keramaat (miracles) is therefore not valid as Hukm is permanent and unchangeable.

  • The guru is in fact diminishing his own identity and status :

Gurmutte Aaap Gvayey Sach Pehchaneya.

So all sakhis etc in the 35 classical books written after the demise of

Guru Gobind Singh related to the gurus that claim miracles are just

fables and unacceptable and we have been misled by the so called

clergy dominating the scene

  • Does the Guru VIOLATE His Hukm?

(SGGS 145 Vaar Majh Kee Tatha Salok M : 1) the same Vaar

ਆਖਣੁ ਵੇਖਣੁ ਬੋਲਣੁ ਚਲਣੁ ਜੀਵਣੁ ਮਰਣਾ ਧਾਤੁ ॥

ਹੁਕਮੁ ਸਾਜਿ ਹੁਕਮੈ ਵਿਚਿ ਰਖੈ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਚਾ ਆਪਿ ॥੨॥

Akhan Vekhan Bolan Chalan Jiwan Marna Dhaat.

Hukm Saaj Hukmey Vich Rakhey Nanak Sacha Aap.

Jiwan – life

Dhaat – essence

The true Creator who is in existance and His Hukm is permanent.

Whole life process is created in His Hukm; maintained in His Hukm.

 

  1. Is the Creator Subject to His Own Hukm?

Guru Nanak’s answer is in the next verse :

ਨਾਨਕ ਵਿਗਸੈ ਵੇਪਰਵਾਹੁ ॥੩॥

Nanak Vigsey Veyparvah

Nanak – Nanak’s assertion

Vigsey – Literally goes about; operates

Veyparvah – Literally without care; regardless

Nanak, the Creator Himself operates above His own Hukm.

Our spirituality is maintained by our realization that Hukm is the notion of the will of God operating for the human being within the confines of the human intellect and this intellect is within the parameters of Hukm. However the Creator has given us choices which have consequences – but since this is spirituality we do not know how to make choices – so the guru enlightens us on the choices and actions that are all within us. Our thoughts and actions have immediate consequences. Hukm is for spiritual choices not physical actions. The guru is the shabad and the Gurbani /shabad enlightens us as to the correct spiritual choices and this brings about our transformation leading to our emancipation and bliss

The Pointers

 

  • Hukm is the most intricate and difficult of all Sikhi Concepts
  • It is also FOUNDATIONAL
  • Due to our ignorance on the true message of Gurbani, the so called clergy has been feeding us stories and fables that highlight miracles (thus violating Hukm) as they can have power over us with the notion that they can change Hukm and that they can give solutions to our problems (similar to the Pandits and Brahmins).
  • This basic truth of Hukm has been overshadowed
  • Establishes the UNIQUENESS of SIKHI
  • REDEFINES the whole spectrum of Spirituality
  • REPAINTS the entire Canvas of Spirituality
  • DEMOLISHES the pillars of EXISTING CANVAS

– Spirituality of FEAR

– Spirituality of ASKING

– Spirituality on BEHALF

– Spirituality for LIFE AFTER DEATH

– Spirituality of RITUAL

– Spirituality of MIRACLES

  • REPLACES the Existing Pillars with New Ones

– Spirituality of ANAND

– Spirituality of CONTENTMENT

– Spirituality of SELF for SELF

– Spirituality of HERE and NOW

– Spirituality of ENLIGHTENMENT

– Spirituality of HUKM

  • The Discarded Canvas –

Based on DEATH and Obsession with Life AFTER Death

  • Death
  • Hell
  • Angel of Death
  • Jum Dhoot
  • 8.4 Life Forms
  • Malkal
  • Punishment
  • Fire
  • Pain
  • Shame
  • Dharam Raj
  • Cries
  • Salvation
  • Ava Gavan
  • Chitar Gupt
  • Heaven
  • Terror
  • Salvation
  • Reward
  • Lekha
  • Ancestors
  • Judgement
  • Cycle of Life and Death
  • Painting Over the Discarded Canvas – Guru Nanak’s Canvas

ਹੁਕਮਿ ਰਜਾਈ ਚਲਣਾ ਨਾਨਕ ਲਿਖਿਆ ਨਾਲਿ ॥੧॥

Hukm Rajayee Chalnaa Nanak Likhiya Naal

LIFE AND LIVING HERE AND NOW

  • Stop living the Spirituality of Fear

Start living the Spirituality of Hukm

  • Stop chasing the Spirituality of Life after Death

Start living the Spirituality of Here and Now

  • Stop living the Spirituality of Rituals

Start living the Spirituality of Hukm

  • Stop living the Spirituality of Miracles

Allow the Spirituality of HUKM to live within you

‘When you STOP Chasing the Wrong Things, you give the Right

Things a Chance to Catch Up with You’.